Evolution of non-procreative males

The more sustainable model is that of the distant past civilizations of dramatic inequality in terms of male access to procreation. Those civilizations benefited from maximizing the fertility of their women with the fewest men, while encouraging the excess men to redirect their attentions and aspirations to take advantage of being free from attending to the needs of the females and their offspring.

Intelligent Design may be by a Villain

Originally posted on Hypothesis Discovery:
Intelligent design is a counter claim against Darwin evolution of unsupervised random variation selected through natural survival at the species level.   The intelligent design claim results from matching currently observed design processes (primarily from human designers) with the observed intricate machines found in biology.   After the introduction of this proposal,…

Intelligent Design may be by a Villain

Given what we see in nature, we have good moral reasons to hope that evolution is unintelligent and that accidents can result in excellent designs.  If a superior intelligence is responsible for these advanced designs, then we would have to ask what we should do if it turns out that this superior designer is actually a villain.